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GraphQL Mesh

GraphQL Mesh

Query anything, run anywhere.

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How to: Customize the Mesh server#

GraphQL Mesh provides a reliable and production-ready server implementation built with GraphQL Yoga and Envelop with, out of the box support for:

  • Persisted queries
  • Live queries
  • Files upload
  • Serverless deployment
  • and more...

Customizing your GraphQL Mesh Gateway server can be achieved in 2 ways:

  • Configure and provide Envelop plugins: to add behaviors such as caching, authentication, tracing to your Gateway
  • Provide a standalone server implementation: to completely replace the server used by the Gateway



Configure and provide Envelop plugins#

Envelop is a library that helps build GraphQL API faster and flexibly with plugin-based architecture.

Similar to Express middlewares allowing you to customize requests' behavior, Envelop applies the same idea to GraphQL requests.

By exposing hooks in all the phases of a GraphQL Request execution, Envelop enables the creation of plugins that simplify the setup of standard API features such as:

  • Security: Depth limits, Rate limiting
  • Authentication
  • Advanced caching
  • Error handling: Sentry, error masking
  • Monitoring: Hive
  • Logging
  • Tracing: NewRelic, Datadog, StatsD, Apollo Tracing

An Envelop plugin is a standalone npm package that provides a plugin function that can be used in an Envelop setup to customize a GraphQL API behavior.

Examples of plugins are:

  • useGenericAuth (@envelop/generic-auth): Custom authentication flow by providing a custom user resolver.
  • useDepthLimit (@envelop/depth-limit): Limit the depth of executed selection sets.

The GraphQL Mesh configuration accepts a additionalEnvelopPlugins parameter that should point to a file that exports a list of Envelop plugins, as shown below:


sources: # ... additionalEnvelopPlugins: "./envelopPlugins"


import { PluginOrDisabledPlugin } from "@envelop/core" import { useDepthLimit } from '@envelop/depth-limit'; import { useSentry } from '@envelop/sentry'; const plugins: PluginOrDisabledPlugin = [ useDepthLimit({ maxDepth: 10, }), useSentry({ includeRawResult: false }), ] export default plugins

Note: The file can also export a factory function returning a PluginOrDisabledPlugin list



Provide a standalone server implementation#

Disclaimer: This section explains how to provide a custom server implementation used by mesh serve and mesh dev. If you are looking for solutions to deploy Mesh to Serverless environments or not rely on mesh serve, please refer to the "How to: Deploy a Mesh Gateway" guide.

The following example shows how to replace GraphQL Mesh's default server implementation with Apollo Server .

GraphQL Mesh uses Envelop under the hood, so you need to check other integrations to see how to use getEnveloped with other server frameworks. Envelop Integrations


import { ApolloServer } from 'apollo-server'; import type { ServeMeshOptions } from '@graphql-mesh/runtime'; export default async function ({ getBuiltMesh, logger, argsPort }: ServeMeshOptions): Promise<void> { const { schema, getEnveloped } = await getBuiltMesh(); const apolloServer = new ApolloServer({ schema, executor: async requestContext => { const { schema, execute, contextFactory } = getEnveloped({ req: requestContext.request.http }); return execute({ schema: schema, document: requestContext.document, contextValue: await contextFactory(), variableValues: requestContext.request.variables, operationName: requestContext.operationName, }); }, }); const { url } = await apolloServer.listen(argsPort);`🚀 Server ready at ${url}`); }

Then add the following line to your configuration file.


serve: customServerHandler: ./myServerHandler

When you use a custom server handler, you won't be able to use configuration options under serve!



Configuration: serve reference#

  • fork - - Spawn multiple server instances as node clusters (default: 1) One of:
    • Int
    • Boolean
  • port - - TCP Port to listen (default: 3000) One of:
    • Int
    • String
  • hostname (type: String) - The binding hostname (default: localhost)
  • cors (type: Object) - Configuration for CORS:
    • origin (type: Any)
    • allowedHeaders (type: Array of String)
    • exposedHeaders (type: Array of String)
    • credentials (type: Boolean)
    • maxAge (type: Int)
    • preflightContinue (type: Boolean)
    • optionsSuccessStatus (type: Int)
  • handlers - - Express/Connect compatible handlers and middlewares extend GraphQL Mesh HTTP Server Array of:
    • object:
      • path (type: String, required) - Path that remote API will ping
      • method (type: String (GET | POST | DELETE | PATCH)) - HTTP Method that the handler will control
      • pubsubTopic (type: String, required) - Name of the topic you want to pass incoming payload
      • payload (type: String) - Part of the object you want to pass (e.g. data.messages)
    • object:
      • path (type: String, required) - Path that the handler will control
      • handler (type: String, required) - Path of the handler's code
      • method (type: String (GET | POST | DELETE | PATCH)) - HTTP Method that the handler will control
  • staticFiles (type: String) - Path to your static files you want to be served with GraphQL Mesh HTTP Server
  • playground (type: Boolean) - Show GraphiQL Playground
  • sslCredentials (type: Object) - SSL Credentials for HTTPS Server If this is provided, Mesh will be served via HTTPS:
    • key (type: String, required)
    • cert (type: String, required)
  • endpoint (type: String) - Path to GraphQL Endpoint (default: /graphql)
  • browser - - Path to the browser that will be used by mesh serve to open a playground window in development mode This feature can be disable by passing false One of:
    • String
    • Boolean
  • customServerHandler (type: String) - If you want to use a custom GraphQL server, you can pass the path of the code file that exports a custom Mesh Server Handler With a custom server handler, you won't be able to use the features of GraphQL Mesh HTTP Server
  • playgroundTitle (type: String) - Title of GraphiQL Playground